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7.1 Accents

Check This Refer to the Oxford English Dictionary for the accent requirements of foreign words that have been imported into the English language.

7.2 Ampersand

Heads Up The ampersand ("&") should not be used in titles or names of University of Saskatchewan academic departments or administrative units. It can be used in the full, proper name of non-university entities such as A&W

7.3 Commas

Use commas between elements of a series in running text.

Only use a comma before the final “and,” “or” or “nor” to avoid confusion:

  • Huskie Athletics supports a number of university sports including football, basketball, track and field, and volleyball

7.4 Dashes and hyphens

An em dash (—) is longer than a hyphen or an en dash. Use an em dash without spaces before or after to set off a phrase in running copy but use them sparingly; unnecessary dashes create choppy copy.

PC Alt + 0151
Ctrl + Alt + (-) on number pad
Using MS Word with autocorrect enabled:
type space — — space between the words you wish to hyphenate

Mac Option + shift + —

An en dash (—) is used in number ranges.

  • Pages 39—50

PC Alt + 0150
+ (—) on number pad
Using MS Word with autocorrect enabled:
type space + — + space between the words you wish to hyphenate

Mac Option + —

Use a hyphen in compound adjectives that form a separate concept and are followed immediately by the noun they modify.

  • used-car dealer
  • second-year student

Do not hyphenate compund adjectives where the first word ends in “ly” as in highly toxic substance.

Use a hyphen when the word following the prefix begins with the same vowel as the word with which the prefix ends, or when the appearance of the compound word would be confusing without the hyphen.

  • co-editor
  • co-ordination
  • co-operation
  • pre-empt

Use hyphens in compound adjectives.

  • 12-year-old student
  • world-class athlete

Non-hyphenated ‘by' words:

  • byelection
  • byline
  • byproduct
  • bylaw
  • bypass

7.5 Ellipses

An ellipsis…is used to indicate an omission from text or a quotation. Insert one space before and after the ellipsis. No further punctuation is required when an ellipsis ends a sentence.

7.6 Parentheses and brackets

Like capitalization, parentheses should be used sparingly and only when punctuation is not appropriate.

Parentheses are used to enclose non-essential information, equivalents or translations.

If parentheses fall at the end of a sentence, the terminal punctuation goes outside the closing parentheses. Punctuation that applies only to the parenthetical information goes inside the closing parentheses.

Use square brackets [ ] to indicate material that does not belong to the original quotation. They are also used to insert [sic] into a quotation to indicate that errors in the quotation are the fault of the author of the quoted material.

7.7 Quotation marks

Use double quotation marks for direct quotes or to highlight a particular word or phrase. Quotes within quotes get single quotation marks. When punctuating a sentence that ends with a quotation, a period or comma goes inside the quotation mark and a colon or semicolon goes outside the quotation mark.

  • He described the process as "environmentally neutral."

Put an exclamation mark or question mark inside the quotation marks when it is part of the quoted material and outside the quotation mark when it applies to the entire sentence.

  • "That's a lie!" the member of parliament shouted.

7.8 Spacing

Use one space, not two, between the end punctuation of one sentence and the beginning of the next.